Machine Learning Density Functional Theory

Our group was the first to apply robust machine learning (ML) methods to directly 'learn' density functionals. ML is a powerful method capable of learning functions of high-dimensional spaces via induction.

Most DFT research solving the kinetic energy from Kohn-Sham equation. However, it is not needed in principle from the theorems of DFT. If the kinetic energy of such electrons were known as a functional of density, then a single equation could be solved for the exact self-consistent density and the energy extracted. There would be no need to solve the KS equations, and the computational bottleneck would presumably become solving the Poisson equation. Thus DFT calculations would become much faster than they already are.

In a proof-of-principle [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 253002 (2012)], we used ML to approximate the kinetic energy functional of particles confined to a one-dimensional box with chemical accuracy. We are actively researching extending this method to 3d systems. Applying this method to real complex systems would enable highly accurate orbital-free density functional calculations and ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations.

12 results
[209] Learning to Approximate Density Functionals Bhupalee Kalita, Li Li, Ryan J. McCarty, and Kieron Burke, Accounts of Chemical Research 54, 818-826 (2021). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[207] Retrospective on a decade of machine learning for chemical discovery O. Anatole von Lilienfeld and Kieron Burke, Nature Communications 11, 4895 (2020). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[206] Kohn-Sham Equations as Regularizer: Building Prior Knowledge into Machine-Learned Physics Li Li, Stephan Hoyer, Ryan Pederson, Ruoxi Sun, Ekin D. Cubuk, Patrick Riley, and Kieron Burke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 036401 (2021). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi] [arXiv]
[190] Efficient prediction of 3D electron densities using machine learning Mihail Bogojeski, Felix Brockherde, Leslie Vogt-Maranto, Li Li, Mark E. Tuckerman, Kieron Burke, and Klaus-Robert Müller, Advances in neural information processing systems, Workshop on machine learning for molecules and materials (2018). [bibtex] [pdf] [arXiv]
[187] Guest Editorial: Special Topic on Data-Enabled Theoretical Chemistry Matthias Rupp, O. Anatole von Lilienfeld, and Kieron Burke, The Journal of Chemical Physics 148, 241401 (2018). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi] [arXiv]
[184] Can exact conditions improve machine-learned density functionals? Jacob Hollingsworth, Li Li (李力), Thomas E. Baker, and Kieron Burke, The Journal of Chemical Physics 148, 241743 (2018). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[175] Pure density functional for strong correlation and the thermodynamic limit from machine learning Li, Li, Baker, Thomas E., White, Steven R. and Burke, Kieron, Phys. Rev. B 94, 245129 (2016). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[174] Bypassing the Kohn-Sham equations with machine learning Brockherde, Felix, Vogt, Leslie, Li ,Li, Tuckerman, Mark E, Burke, Kieron and Muller, Klaus-Robert, Nature Communications 8, 872 (2017). [supplementary information] [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[161] Understanding kernel ridge regression: Common behaviors from simple functions to density functionals Vu, Kevin, Snyder, John C., Li, Li, Rupp, Matthias, Chen, Brandon F., Khelif, Tarek, Müller, Klaus-Robert and Burke, Kieron, International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 115, 1115-1128 (2015). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[153] Understanding machine-learned density functionals Li, Li, Snyder, John C., Pelaschier, Isabelle M., Huang, Jessica, Niranjan, Uma-Naresh, Duncan, Paul, Rupp, Matthias, Müller, Klaus-Robert and Burke, Kieron, International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 116, 819-833 (2016). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[144] Orbital-free Bond Breaking via Machine Learning John C. Snyder, Matthias Rupp, Katja Hansen, Leo Blooston, Klaus-Robert Müller and Kieron Burke, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 224104 (2013). [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]
[137] Finding Density Functionals with Machine Learning Snyder, John C., Rupp, Matthias, Hansen, Katja, Müller, Klaus-Robert and Burke, Kieron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 253002 (2012). [supplementary information] [bibtex] [pdf] [doi]


We graciously acknowledge support from the NSF Grant No. CHE-1240252.