Density functional calculations of nanoscale conductance (bibtex)
by Max Koentopp, Connie Chang, Kieron Burke, Roberto Car
Abstract:
Density functional calculations for the electronic conductance of single molecules are now common. We examine the methodology from a rigorous point of view, discussing where it can be expected to work, and where it should fail. When molecules are weakly coupled to leads, local and gradient-corrected approximations fail, as the Kohn-Sham levels are misaligned. In the weak bias regime, exchange-correlation corrections to the current are missed by the standard methodology. For finite bias, a new methodology for performing calculations can be rigorously derived using an extension of time-dependent current density functional theory from the Schrödinger equation to a master equation.
Reference:
Density functional calculations of nanoscale conductance Max Koentopp, Connie Chang, Kieron Burke, Roberto Car, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 20, 083203 (2008).
Bibtex Entry:
@article{KCBC08,
	Pub-num = {103},
	Abstract = {Density functional calculations for the electronic conductance of single molecules are now common. We examine the methodology from a rigorous point of view, discussing where it can be expected to work, and where it should fail. When molecules are weakly coupled to leads, local and gradient-corrected approximations fail, as the Kohn-Sham levels are misaligned. In the weak bias regime, exchange-correlation corrections to the current are missed by the standard methodology. For finite bias, a new methodology for performing calculations can be rigorously derived using an extension of time-dependent current density functional theory from the Schr{\"o}dinger equation to a master equation.},
	Author = {Koentopp, Max and Connie Chang and Kieron Burke and Car, Roberto},
	Date-Modified = {2013-02-12 00:16:04 +0000},
	Journal = {Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter},
	Number = {8},
	Pages = {083203},
	Title = {Density functional calculations of nanoscale conductance},
	Url = {http://stacks.iop.org/0953-8984/20/i=8/a=083203},
	Volume = {20},
	Year = {2008},
	keywords = {transport,DFTtrans},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://stacks.iop.org/0953-8984/20/i=8/a=083203}}
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